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February Artefact of the Month
Saxon Wine Jug

Pottery of Transylvania and Partium
Selection of our 2021 and 2022 Acquisitions

In his book, György Domanovszky, one of the most important summarizers of the decorative arts, emphasized that Transylvania was a special area of ceramic art. While in other parts of Europe regional styles developed, often produced in large quantities by a whole region with minor variations, in Transylvania there were many small pottery villages and large guild centres, almost all of which had their own style. Most of them produced common utensils and cooking vessels.

Although several studies on Transylvanian pottery have been published in recent decades, most of them on representative ornamental pottery, the culture of utilitarian pottery and the changes in the 20th century remain rather unknown.

For this reason, the Székely National Museum has focused on collecting the products of the centres that can still be identified. This goal was greatly helped by the significant donation of artefacts by the collector József Sipos, the selfless donations of some collectors, and the collection of objects containing inscriptions still in the field or in the possession of dealers.

Our exhibition is intended as a feedback.

We are very grateful for the help of all those who have enriched the collections of the Székely National Museum.

Artefact of the month - Saxon wine jug

The most important type of vessel in Saxon pottery was the large wine jug. Archaeological excavations and the seals of Saxon pottery guilds show that the double-mouthed wine jug was a typical product of early Saxon pottery. The most representative and largest jug was used by the guild as its own symbol and decorated with symbols of the craft. According to István Csupor's research, in addition to the guild jug, guilds also used medium-sized, less decorated jugs. The guild's most important celebration was the initiation of the guild's men, which was celebrated with a feast. The large guild jug was placed in the middle of the table, and the smaller wine jugs were used to fill the glasses of the wine-tasting masters.

Larger jugs, often 40-50 cm high, were also made for the Saxon neighbourhood. At family celebrations (baptisms, weddings, funerals), members of the neighbourhood could borrow them and they were also used at neighbourhood meetings. Sometimes families also bought a 30-35 cm wine jug to bring wine up from the cellar.

The products of the Saxon guilds are very difficult to identify. This can be explained by the fact that for a long time the Saxons had a guild union, with its headquarters in Sibiu, to which the guilds of the whole of the Kingdom belonged. The Sibiu style was thus imprinted on the products of almost all the guilds. According to Albert Eichhorn's research, the Saxon guilds of Burzenland did not make wine jugs, so our green, splashed 19th century jugs are probably also a product of West Königsboden Saxon pottery.

Our most recent temporary exhibition entitled Shades was opened in the Arcade House on Saturday, 24 June 2023.[ details ]
On 1 April 2015 MAGMA Contemporary Art Space from Sfântu Gheorghe celebrated its 5 years anniversary. During these five years we have collaborated with around 250 artists, art theorists, philosophers, etc. and together we contributed to what MAGMA is today.[ details ]
MAGMA Contemporary Art Space from Sfântu Gheorghe cordially invites you to the opening of the group exhibition Examples for Non-universal Chair on March 18, 2015 at 18:00. [ details ]
MAGMA Contemporary Art Space from Sf. Gheorghe kindly invites you to the opening of the exhibition 'DREAMHUNTING' by Igor BUHAROV (Kornél SZILÁGYI), Ivan BUHAROV (Nándor HEVESI) and Vasile CROAT (László HORVÁTH). [ details ]
On January 15, 2015 at 19:00 MAGMA Contemporary Art Space from Sfântu Gheorghe cordially invites you to the opening of the exhibition entitled The geometry of water by Hungarian artist Ágnes PÉTER winner of the first prize at the second edition of the International Graphic Art Biennial in Szeklerland.[ details ]
SALON VIDEO and MAGMA Contemporary Art Space cordially invite you to the opening of the archive-exhibition salonvideo_SUBmissions.[ details ]
Magda CSUTAK // Solo Exhibition[ details ]
Ivan Ladislav GALETA solo exhibition[ details ]
Opening: 14. February, 2014., 19:00[ details ]
Group exhibition[ details ]
Zoltán Szegedy-Maszák & Márton Fernezelyi [ details ]
The 35-year anniversary exhibition of MAMŰ[ details ]
Prints, Drawings and Photos from the Ethnological Archives[ details ]
MAGMA Contemporary Art Space invites you to the opening of the exhibition entitled Master and disciple 4 of the artists Ilona NÉMETH and Jaro VARGA [ details ]
Joint temporary exhibition of the Hungarian Museum of Trade and Tourism, the Hungarian Museum for Science, Technology and Transport and the Fazakas & Kimmel Collection [ details ]
The commune Árkos and the Covasna County Capital, Sepsiszentgyörgy will host an extraordinary event: the ‘Spiral’ International Contemporary Art Symposium takes place here at the Training Center and the garden of the Szentkereszty Castle. [ details ]
Our exhibition attempts to give an overview of the main events, effects and consequences of the greatest plague epidemic of European history, the Black Death, which first devastated Europe in 1347-1349. [ details ]
Holidays and Encounters II. – Ethnographic exhibition and Europe in Miniature cultural program in the Székely National Museum[ details ]
Executive editor: Vargha Mihály.
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